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Thursday, February 6, 2020 | History

7 edition of Electroreception (Springer Handbook of Auditory Research) found in the catalog.

Electroreception (Springer Handbook of Auditory Research)

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Published by Springer .
Written in English


Edition Notes

ContributionsTheodore H. Bullock (Editor), Carl D. Hopkins (Editor), Arthur N. Popper (Editor), Richard R. Fay (Editor)
The Physical Object
Number of Pages472
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL7444489M
ISBN 100387231927
ISBN 109780387231921

Keck Science Department. In sharks, sensing an electric dipole alone is sufficient to cause them to try to eat it. This is the case if the electric field is lined up perpendicularly with the receptor. This form of ancestral electroreception is called ampullary electroreception, with the receptive organs themselves called Ampullae of Lorenzini.

This form of ancestral electroreception is called ampullary electroreception, with the receptive organs themselves called Ampullae of Lorenzini. Field studies by A. The electric sense of the echidna is hypothesised to be an evolutionary remnant from a platypus-like ancestor. The phenomenon was first reported for the species Bombus terrestris.

It is possible that sharks may use Earth's magnetic field to navigate the oceans using this sense. Brain Res. Kalmijn established that sharks and rays, which have dermal sense organs called ampullae of Lorenzini, could sense weak electric currents from their prey organisms such as flatfishes Electroreception book when the organisms were buried under sand. He saw that sharks could detect plaice buried under the sand, and would smoothly change direction to where the plaice lay hidden and attack it. When the shark swim through the Earth's magnetic field with its own velocity v, the shark induces its own electric current. Among the earliest jawed vertebrates, the first ampullary electroreceptors were embedded in the skin or at the base of a long conducting canal leading from the skin surface to a specialized patch of modified sensory epithelial cells in the case of ampullae of Lorenzini.


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Electroreception (Springer Handbook of Auditory Research) Download PDF Ebook

Conductive objects concentrate the field and resistive objects spread the field. This is equivalent to the electric field of a flashlight battery connected to Electroreception book some 10, miles 16, kilometres apart in the ocean. The end-bud receptors are sensitive to weak low-frequency DC to 50 hertz [Hz] electric fields.

A rare terrestrial exception is the Western long-beaked echidna which has about 2, electroreceptors on its bill, compared to 40, for its semi-aquatic monotreme relative, the duck-billed platypus.

When a bee visits a flower, the charge deposited on the flower leaks over time into the ground. Depending on the amount of sunlight and water quality, the use of visual systems by organisms occupying the habitat may become limited.

Passive electrolocation in fish

This is hypothesised to be a form of Batesian mimicry of the powerfully-protected electric eel. Electroreception is shared by all the Electroreception book aquatic vertebrates, including some aquatic amphibians, but it was lost in the amniotes Electroreception book they made the transition to a terrestrial existence.

The fish will turn to the side of the stronger stimulus. Medical Nonfiction A fundamental goal of neuroscience is to understand how the nervous system extracts biologically relevant information from the natural environment and how Electroreception book uses that information to guide and coordinate behavior necessary for reproduction and survival.

When the electrodes released a current of 1 uA or more, the catfish would avoid the electrodes, and approach the electrode is the current was less than 1 uA and nibble at the area between the electrodes. Electroreception book of Lorenzini exist in cartilaginous fishes sharksrayschimaeraslungfishesbichirscoelacanthssturgeonspaddlefishaquatic salamandersand caecilians.

The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules About this book A fundamental goal of neuroscience is to understand how the nervous system extracts biologically relevant information from the natural environment and how it uses that information to guide and coordinate behavior necessary for reproduction and survival.

During the waggle dancehoneybee s appear to use the electric field emanating from the dancing bee for distance communication. An ampoule is a small flask, hence these structures are sometimes referred to as 'flask cells', but this term is less commonly used than ampullae of Lorenzini and is avoided here.

When the electric field turns to the fish's left, receptors on the left side will be more strongly stimulated with perpendicular signals on the fish's left side while the receptors on the right side would receive a weaker stimulus.

Active electroreception typically has a range of about one body length, though objects with an electrical impedance similar to that of the surrounding water are nearly undetectable.

In sharks, sensing an electric dipole alone is sufficient to cause them to try to eat it. This is comparable to the sensitivity of electroreceptors in the platypus.

The primary goal of this book is to provide a comparative perspective on the topic of electroreception and review some of the fundamental insights gained from studies of electrosensory and electromotor systems.

Overview Until recently, electroreception was known only in vertebrates. The walking behaviour of cockroaches can be affected by the presence of a static electric field: they like to avoid the electric field. It is known to be of two types:1 active electroreception, in which the organism generates its own electric field and gauges disturbances produced by objects in the vicinity, and 2 passive electroreception, in which case the organism senses weak electric fields generated by other organisms.

The primary goal of this book is to provide a comparative perspective on the topic of electroreception and review some of the fundamental insights gained from studies of electrosensory and electromotor systems.

The distribution among fishes is unlike any other sense modality in that it has apparently been invented, lost completely and reinvented several times independently, using distinct receptors and central nuclei in the medulla.

Long-beaked echidna s genus Zaglossus possess only 2, receptors and short-beaked echidnas Tachyglossus aculeatus have merely concentrated in the tip of the snout.

electroreception

Electroreception book Ampullary electroreceptors are used for passive electrolocation of the DC electric fields from prey organisms, predators, or conspecifics.

The electroreceptors of monotremes Electroreception book of free nerve endings located in the mucous glands of the snout. Some shark embryos and pups "freeze" when they detect the characteristic electric signal of their predators. A specialization of the lateral-line system is the formation in several groups of fish of deeply buried, single electrically sensitive organs.

White Sharks may, in part, locate pinniped rookeries mass breeding sites by following these 'magnetic highways', much as Scalloped Hammerheads locate nocturnal feeding sites in the Sea of Cortez.Electroreception, is the biological ability to perceive electrical impulses.

It is an ancient sense that has evolved independently across the animal kingdom in multiple groups including agnathan (lampreys), cartilaginous (chimaeras, sharks, skates/rays) and bony fishes (lungfish, coelacanth, polypterids, chondrosteans and teleosts), some amphibians and mammals.

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ISBN 13: 9780387231921

Books. Go Search. by Brian L. Keeley. Electroreception is the ability to perceive the world via electricity. This non-human sense has been discovered in many Electroreception book and other animals. 1 Where sighted Electroreception book can perceive variations in photonic energy due to their possessing eyes and hearing organisms can perceive variations in vibratory energy due to their possessing mechanoreceptive organs, such as the.Electroreception.

A Open pdf eyes in sea pdf and it is difficult to see much more than a murky, bleary green colour. Sounds, too, are garbled and difficult to comprehend. Without specialised equipment humans would be lost in these deep sea habitats, so how do fish make it seem so easy?Electroreceptor definition is - a vertebrate organ found especially in fish that contains sensory cells capable of detecting electric fields.The book Electroreception will examine the behavior, structure, and function of ebook electrosensory systems of fish and other vertebrates.

As a comprehensive volume on the subject, the book will serve as both an introduction to the study of electroreception and Manufacturer: Springer.