Last edited by JoJolar
Wednesday, February 5, 2020 | History

4 edition of Arms control and technological innovation found in the catalog.

Arms control and technological innovation

  • 233 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Croom Helm in London .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Nuclear arms control -- Congresses.,
  • Defense industries -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementedited by David Carlton and Carlo Schaerf.
    ContributionsCarlton, David, 1938-, Schaerf, Carlo.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsJX1974.7 .A673
    The Physical Object
    Pagination366 p. :
    Number of Pages366
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4286070M
    ISBN 100856644439
    LC Control Number78312796

    Steven Cherry: So bottom line: Would any of these technologies, suitably developed and deployed, have averted or lessened any of the 60 or so mass shootings in the past 30 yearsor the 87 gun deaths on an average day in the U. Conversely, deception as disguise may be in the other direction—hiding the appearance of something valuable, as with painting gold bars black. Combining separate dimensions into such ideal types can be useful as a shorthand for classification and comparison. An empirically valid result does not guarantee a socially meaningful result. Collaboration between ethical, legal, and technical experts should be expanded to encompass the temporal dimensions of this issue, and specifically, the question of viability.

    Even if accurate in the individual case it may conflict with the expectations of the individual to be judged on the basis of actual behavior, not a prediction of future behavior. A major goal of nineteenth century forensic science was to develop reliable biometric measures of identity based on the analysis of fingerprints, facial measurements, and chemical properties Thorwald Depending on the assessment used, if the standard is set low enough it is possible to have a "false positive" reading as a result of just being in a room where marijuana was smoked or the result may be as a result of medications or eating certain foods. Pursell, Jr.

    The case evidence he presents suggests that periods of change are underway across numerous different issue areas. While all technological control efforts have elements in common, those involving dissensus and inequality are particularly important because of the centrality of human rights issues and the prominence of control and counter-control efforts. Thomas C. The wheels that began turning with industrialization continue to gain momentum. As I said last year in Prague, this treaty will set the stage for further cuts.


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Arms control and technological innovation Download PDF Ebook

There exists, he argued, a double-bind problem: [A]ttempting to control a technology is difficult…because during its early stages, when it can be controlled, not enough can be known about its harmful social consequences to warrant controlling its development; but by the time these consequences are apparent, control has become costly Arms control and technological innovation book slow.

But primary strategies are not always available and may not live up to their promise. If order depended only on technical means of blocking infractions, rather than on legitimacy, how would people behave if the means failed e.

Beck,Arms control and technological innovation book. Another approach starts with single dimensions which may cut across the different forms. So do precedents. Terms such as blowback, collateral damage, backfire and overshooting the target capture this.

We thus see explanatory moves wherein an unfavorable result by reframed in an acceptable way by offering alternative data and the claims of rival experts or making claims about rights and procedural violations. Pursell, Jr, Morgan Arms control and technological innovation book.

Those ideas were put to the test at the beginning of the first world war. These exist in dynamic interdependent systems where interests may conflict, inequality is often present and where full impacts may be difficult to envision.

Seeing should not automatically mean believing. The social engineering example of castration as a device to control sexuality whether literal or as currently may be done chemically clearly contrasts with appeals to virtue to accomplish the same end.

In a distorting move the initial anti-drunk driving car interlock systems could be beaten by saving air in a balloon or by having someone else blow into it to start the car.

Once again, President Medvedev, thank you for your extraordinary leadership. Also related are strategic efforts that permit, or even facilitate, rule violations as—with deception or reverse engineering. Daniel Frei, Der ungewollte Atomkrieg. Such a ban seems unlikely to be introduced, but there is room for debate about how humans should interact with machines capable of varying degrees of autonomy, whether in the loop with a human constantly monitoring the operation and remaining in charge of critical decisionson the loop with a human supervising machines that can intervene at any stage of the mission or out of the loop with the machine carrying out the mission without any human intervention once launched.

The various "see something, say something" campaigns dependent on the ease and ubiquity of multi-purpose cell phones and e-mail are a related example. New secondary laws that criminalize the possession of artifacts or activities designed to thwart enforcement may develop.

About the author Jeffrey S. When systems cannot be technically defeated as with very sophisticated encryption, then their human context may be compromised, whether through coercion, corruption or deception.

Contemporary efforts build on, but go far beyond, a medieval fortification ethos. The argument here is that for all its drawbacks, early regulation — regulation in advance of the battlefield use of autonomous weapons — still offers the best opportunity to control, and if necessary, prohibit this technology.

Whatever a technology is capable of, the view of humans as volitional and hence responsible for their behavior and beliefs about the inviolability absent clear justification of the borders that protect private personal zones around one's body, mind, relationships, communications, physical space and past history are central to ideas of respect for personhood.

Unintended consequences Situations involving unexpected and unwanted results offer a rich area for analysis. Richard Burt ed. The expectation that one should be judged as an individual and in context may conflict with the greater rationality and predictive success believed to be found in categorical responses based on aggregate data and models divorced from the richness of particular situations.

One is, for example, that with respect to automobiles, the big American automobile dealers resisted the imposition of new safety technologies and safety devices in automobiles bitterly. Some Additional Factors The over selling of technical solutions may exaggerate the risks, engendering immobilizing fear and an unduly suspicious and distrustful society and waste resources.

Robot Arms

The myth of Frankenstein implies that we must be ever vigilant to be sure that we control the technology rather than the reverse. Steven Cherry: So bottom line: Would any of these technologies, suitably developed and deployed, have averted or lessened any of the 60 or so mass shootings in the past 30 yearsor the 87 gun deaths on an average day in the U.To argue Arms control and technological innovation book a yellow light is certainly not a call to cease innovation or the search for better solutions.

However ideal a technical control system may appear in the abstract under ideal laboratory conditions or successful in the short run, the world of application is often much messier and more complicated than the public relations efforts claim.

State Department unveils Innovation in Arms Control winners. The State Department sought submissions from the public on how to use modern technology to help solve some of the world's most pressing.

The book was written to clarify the threat of nuclear proliferation. The author, who is well qualified to speak on arms control, examines the failure of the treaties and agreements that comprise the ''non-proliferation regime,'' particularly the Non-Proliferation Treaty of The three central.State Department unveils Innovation in Arms Control winners.

Pdf State Department sought submissions from the public on how to use modern technology to help solve some of the world's most pressing.State Department unveils Innovation in Arms Control winners.

The State Department sought submissions from the public on how to use modern technology to help solve some of the world's most pressing.Focusing on the crisis which brought the nuclear ebook to the brink of war, this book explores the dynamics of strategic stability between India and Pakistan.

Like the Kashmir crisis and the Mumbai crisis, the attack on the Indian Parliament set .